Asp.net and PHP are most frequently in use for web application development. In this article i evaluate Asp.net and PHP on basis of some most essential factors required for web application. Although PHP is programming language and Asp.net is a framework but still at the end same objective accomplished from both.
Asp.net Programming Languages
Asp.net developers can use different programming languages for coding mainly C# and VB.net
C# syntax is similar to C++, programmers worked in C++ can easily develop application in asp.net using C#.
VB.net is the new version of visual basic; VB.net is introduced with pure object oriented programming capabilities whereas Visual basic is object based. Developers worked in VB can easily switch to vb.net with minimum learning efforts because the syntax is quite similar.
Asp.net prgramming languages are pure object oriented supports inheritance, abstract class and function overloading and overriding, private public and protected variables. PHP 5 supports object oriented but we can’t say that it’s a pure object oriented language like asp.net. In asp.net each varible used within the class require declarion but in PHP any value can be assigned to the variable due to its loosely type nature as shown in the figure below.
public function setName($name)
$this->name = $name; //Automatically creates $name variable for employee class
public function getName()
$employee = new employee();
echo “<br />”.$employee->name;
PHP also missing one feature of polymorphism in object oriented language which is function overloading. Function overloading allow the programmers to declare more than one function with same name but different parameters.
In asp.net user interface, business logic and programming language can be kept separate. This programming model reduces the work of programmer because each layer works independently. Fewer efforts are required to add any new functionality in the web application.
In PHP you can found PHP code within html, PHP code is enclosed in between <? php some code here >.Programmers find it difficult to look for PHP code in html.
Asp.net supports multiple database platforms including Oracle, SQL Server, Microsoft Access and etc. There are different database programming libraries to access the database. SQL server is considering most preferable RDBMS for asp.net; system.data.sqclinet libraries contain number of database object, function and methods with different parameters.PHP mostly use oracle and mysql as database, oracle database accessed through ODBC drivers and optimize for PHP.
Following are the list of database which are compitable with PHP.
IBM DB2 — IBM DB2, Cloudscape and Apache Derby
Ingres — Ingres DBMS, EDBC, and Enterprise Access Gateways
Mssql — Microsoft SQL Server
Mysqli — MySQL Improved Extension
OCI8 — Oracle OCI8
Paradox — Paradox File Access
Integrated Development Enviroment
Asp.net has strong IDE visual studio with lot of controls which gives privileged to programmers to work with ease and faster as compared to other programming languages.There are number of different IDE availables for PHP, developers have to look for the best one.
Asp.net data controls
There are rich amount of data controls in visual studio to work with database data. Following are the visual studio controls through user can view, add, modify and add the data.
Following are the data controls in asp.net
• Report Viewer
In PHP massive amount of coding is needed to access and display data on web application. Developers have to develop their own controls due to lack of ready made control in PHP.
Reporting with Asp.net
Asp.net use crystal report as reporting tool, variety of reports can be developed from basic to expert level. Report viewer control is employed by developers for reporting purpose.
In PHP there is no such tool for web application reports. Again, developers have to do lot of work to generate reports from database.
Asp.net supports strong exception handling to control the application crashing and errors. Exception handling was the missing feature in PHP 4. In PHP 5 this capability in incorporated to make PHP as robust language and compete with the leading technology like asp.net.
The new processing architectures motivates multithreading to optimize the performance. PHP lacks the functionality of multithreading which can leads to serious problem for future applications.
Of course multithreading is hard, and it should be offered with a good concept keeping track of deadlocks, race conditions, and data locks. The PHP-Java Bridge gives a solution for parallelizing the retrieval of multiple web pages for processing instead of doing this sequential using normal PHP code, showing a nice performance enhancement. It would be good however if this could be done natively inside PHP.
Garbage collection incorporated in earlier days of asp.net. This feature of asp.net reduces memory space usage by automatically remove object which are not in use from long time.
PHP 4 lack of this feature but in PHP 5 this thing is cater by constructor and destructor.
Operating system Platform
PHP won the race in operating system support; PHP supports multiple platforms including windows, sun Solaris and Linux whereas asp.net runs on Microsoft platform only. Mono is the project which will bring asp.net on Linux but still it is in progress and takes time to enter in the market.
Proprietary VS Open Source
Asp.net is proprietary product of Microsoft and requires licensing cost. PHP on the other hand is free of cost without any license. Companies want to go with asp.net have to consider the cost factor.
Asp.net supports IIS (Internet Information Server) and PHP supports Apache, Internet information server.
Support & Documentation
Asp.net developers can refer MSDN for support and documentation which is centralize and authentic source. PHP support and documentation is widely available with different implementation, tough for developers to identify the best source.